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Track 3: Patronised

Track 3. PatronisedWaltzes – O’Connell’s Lamentation / O’Carolan’s Welcome

Aodhagán O’ Rathaille was related to the brehons to the MacCarthy Mór family and would have seen them as his chiefs and patrons. Due to the Munster plantation however, the Browne family (later known as Kenmare) had succeeded to the MacCarthy lands under English occupation. Unlike most of the English settlers, the Brownes soon reverted to their old Catholic faith and made matches with the leading Catholic families in Munster and Leinster - O Sullivan Mór, Fitzgerald of Desmond, MacCarthys, Butlers, O'Briens, Plunketts and many others.

Sir Valentine Browne, 3rd Baronet (1638–1694) was a supporter of James II, King of England and was given the title Viscount Kenmare by James. He was the landlord and patron of Aodhagán O’Rathaille. However, after the fall of James in 1691, Valentine Browne became attainted for his association with James and his estates were made forfeit in 1691. His son Nicholas Browne, 4th Baronet, 2nd Viscount was also a Jacobite supporter and therefore also attainted and could not claim the estates. His children were still to inherit though, so the commissioners of the estate were instructed not to let the estate for more than 21 years. However, it was let to John Blennerhasset and George Rogers (two members of parliament) for a contract of 61 years. Attempting to retain the estate and curry favour, Blennerhasset and Rogers claimed they planned to plant the estate with Protestants when their illegal contract was questioned by the English Commission in 1699. However, the contract was quashed and in 1703 the estate was sold to John Asgill who had married a daughter of Nicholas Browne. Under his management, two ruthless and greed driven men, Timothy Cronin and Murtagh Griffin extorted hearth money from tenants and felled the woods for quick profit (Aodhagán composed a vitriol ridden satire upon the death of Griffin and another in “honour” of Cronin). It wasn’t until the death of Nicholas Browne in 1720, that the estates were again placed under the ownership of a Browne – Nicholas’ son Valentine, 5th Baronent, 3rd Viscount.

The two tunes here are in 3/4 (waltz) time and represent the patronisation of O’Rathaille by the MacCarthy Mór family. The first is a beautiful traditional waltz in three parts. The second was composed by the legendary bard Turlogh Ó Carolan who was also born in 1670.

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